Propaganda industrial. Colección de articulos encaminados a demostrar la necesidad de crear manufactura nacional i los medios de conseguirlo . tomo I
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THE BEST C19TH CHILEAN BINDER'S WORK FOR PRESIDENT BALMACEDA. FRIST EDITION and IMPORTANT ASSOCIATION COPY. 8vo (22,5x14,7cm), pp. 176, [2]. Number "3.404" stamped on foot of t-p (copy number?). Pages mildly browned throughout. Presentation copy for president José Manuel Balmaceda with a large and luxurious dedication silk label, richly gilt-decorated with ruled borders and floral motives, glued to recto of upper flyleaf: "Al Ex.mo Señor / D. J. M. Balmaceda / Presidente de la República / de / Chile / Santiago Junio 9 de 1887 / El autor." Bound by multiple award-winning Federico Schrebler in elegant full red morocco with the arms of the Republic of Chile embossed on centre of both covers, ruled in gilt on three sides except gutter. Boards with sumptuously gilt-tooled dentelles on outer bevelled edges and turn-ins. Spine with gilt-stamped lettering and divided in 6 compartments by 5 decorative bands. Gold marbled endpapers, rough to the touch. A.e.g. Binder's oval label on verso of front flyleaf: "Encuadernacion de libros / primer premio / esposiciones de / 1872. 1875. 1884. / Santa Rosa / Santiago / Federico Schrebler." A few small and well-brought out restorations on front cover, minimal chipping to margin of f.f.l. A presidential binding and a remarkable piece of craftsmanship. Also, a historically important work, as well as copy: for its content and the role that the author and the dedicatee played in the attempt to realise Chile's manufacturing aspiration. Espech was a Chilean economist, one of the nation's leading copper-mine owners and a noted Balmacedista, that is, a supporter and collaborator of the Balmaceda government. The present work was probably meant to be the 1st vol. of a series of economics-related publications, which was in fact never continued. The book contains 3 series of reports: "La industria fabril en Chile" (14 papers), "La industria nacional" (4 papers), and "Mercado del cobre" (2 papers). The context of this publication was Chile's attempt to convert its economy, which was mainly based on extractivism (nitrate, wood and copper above all) and was controlled by foreign powers, such as the great capitalists of the British Empire, to an economy in which not only the exportation of primary commodities but also their manufacture within national borders was intended to be crucial for the South American country's future industrial development. A passage from Maurice Zeitlin's The Civil Wars In Chile (Princeton University Press 1984) is helpful to understand the historical and political scenario towards the turn of the 19th century: "In 1883, the Ministry of Hacienda commissioned Espech to conduct a study on the possibilities of increasing internal manufacturing activity. The Espech study proposed the introduction of an import-substitution development strategy, that is, the erection of protective tariffs, encouragement for the formation of industrial corporations, government-sponsored training facilities for industrial...
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